Budapest, the capital of Hungary , political economic-fiancial administrative, commercial and transportation centre of Hungary inhabited by about 1.7 million people.
Budapest is the ninth most populated city in the European Union.
It is situated in both sides of the River Danube where the Hungarian Great Plain and the hills meet.
Thanks to its geographical characteristic features Budapest is considered to be one of the most beautifully located capitals in the world.
It got its name in 1873, when Pest ,Buda and Óbuda got united.
Budapest consists of 23 administrative disctricts.Buda is hilly, Pest is generally plain.
Budapest got established where the two big regions, Transdanubia and the Hungarian Great Plain meet, at the best crossing-place in the Carpathian Basin section of the busy water way on the River Danube.The city first of all the Pest side has a concentric road structure,the Buda side has its own special road structure resulting from the configurations of the terrain
however the formation of boulevards and avenues can be recognized on this side too.
The Inner city,the Castle District,the residental areas and industrial districts show different pictures.Whereas the historical City Centre in Pest is the centre of politicaleconomic-financial life nowadays the castle District is rather a cultural and tourist centre.
The site of the capital of Hungary is unique because it is located in the circle of hills on the one side of the Danube, and on the other side it is spread on a plain.
This articular appearance of the river in the city is unique and determines the image of Budapest.
By the decision of the UNESCO in 1986, the view of the riverbanks and the Castle Hill
(Várhegy) in Buda and later in 2002 as an addition to this Andrássy Avenue ( Andrássy út) with Heroes’Square (Hősök tere) and the Millenium Underground running under it were put on the list of World Heritage.
Among the famous sights of the capital we can find even churches castles Roman, medieval and Turkish monuments public and residential buildings,historical palaces in Baroque Neoclassical, romantic,Neo-Renaissance Eclectic and Secession Style more than 150 museums and galleries (many of them internationally acknowledged collections) historical bridges, and countless statues and monuments on public places.
(source KIT Welcome to Budapest)
Budapest the Spa city
When the Celts who lived on the territory of the city in ancient times named their settlement AK-INK-meaning „Abundant Water” Good Water” they did not mean the water of the Danube. Abundant and good water meant for them and later for the Romans the water of the springs that had their sources at the foot of the mountains.
The springs are connected to the structural line along the eastern edge of the Buda Mountains to the so called thermal line.
(the ancient Romans and later the Turks built their bath along this volcanic fault line)
It is a unique natural characteristic feature that 136 thermal springs have their sources in our capital and they give daily 70 millions litre of water.
The springs along the Danube banks in Buda start out with 23-24 ºC warm springs in the North and they provide water for the Pünkösd Bath and the Roman Bath.
A group of springs with 24-58 ºC curative thermal water has its source southwards on the territory of Lukács Császár Bath and at the foot of Gellért Hill(Rudas and Gellért Bath)
The thermal wells found on Margaret Island provide water for its thermal hotles and the Óbuda district.
The temperature of the water springing from the wells in the south part of the capital is higher because these waters come from deeper sources.The Széchenyi Bath and Spa in the City Park on Pest side is provided with 73-76 ºC thermal water.
Intersting fact that in the Budapest Zoo (City Park Pest side) the pool of the hippopotamuses is supplied with the thermal water source of Széchenyi Bath because the chemical composition of the water is very similar to the composition of the water in the River Nile.
(Source KIT : Welcome to Budapest)